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Course of Pregnancy and Foetal Development in Smokers and Non-smokers

Autor Lubomír Kukla, Drahoslava Hrubá, Mojmír Tyrlík
Organisation Lékařská fakulta, Masarykova Univerzita
Year 1999
Research type study
Annotation In the second stage of the ELSPAC detailed anamnestic data on the mother were assessed, and objective data on the health status during pregnancy, delivery and on the neonate were assembled. Numerous partial results of the ELSPAC study confirmed that smoking during pregnancy has an adverse effect on the course of pregnancy and goetal development. During pregnancy in smokers proteinuria as well as the diagnosis of suspect foetal retardation were significantly more frequent. During delivery placenta previa and placental abnormalities were recorded more often. The mean duration of gestational age was similar to smokers and non-smokers. The mean birth weight of newborns of women who smoked during pregnancy was on average by 107 g lower as compared with non-smokers. Significant differences were also found in the mean length and head circumference, always to the disadvantage of smokers. Smokers reported significantly more frequently greater fear and restlessness at the onset of labour pains and after return from the maternity home. They get frequently more excited without any reason and are more tense.
Keywords ELSPAC; smoking; pregnancy; growth; retardation
Research type quantitative
Start date 1. 1. 1999
End date 31. 1. 1999
Obor FH Neurology, neurosurgery, neurosciences
Availability available by the researcher
Research location Lékařská fakulta, Masarykova Univerzita, Kamenice 5 Brno 62500
Organisation Lékařská fakulta, Masarykova Univerzita
Possible connection Smoking
Registry administrator Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports
Operator Národní pedagogický institut ČR
In cooperation Czech Council of Children and Youth
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